History of the company
Fireplaces have been used for centuries as a source of heat and light in homes. Traditional fireplaces were built with brick or stone and used wood as fuel. Over time, technological advancements led to the development of more efficient and convenient fireplace options.
In the 20th century, gas fireplaces became popular as an alternative to wood-burning fireplaces. Gas fireplaces offered the benefits of instant heat, easier operation, and cleaner burning. These fireplaces could be installed in a variety of settings and provided a convenient heating solution for homes.
With the rise of modern design and architecture, there was a demand for fireplaces that aligned with contemporary aesthetics. This led to the development of frameless fireplaces that offered a sleek and minimalist look. Flare Fireplaces is one of the companies that emerged to meet this demand, specializing in modern frameless fireplaces.
Flare Fireplaces focuses on direct-vent fireplaces, which are designed to vent directly outside, ensuring efficient combustion and minimizing heat loss. Their emphasis on safety, quality, and efficiency has positioned them as a leader in the direct-vent fireplace industry.
While the specific founding and growth of Flare Fireplaces is not mentioned, their commitment to innovation, education, and customer support reflects the evolution of the fireplace industry as a whole.
Mission and values
Flare Fireplaces is driven by a mission that goes beyond mere industry leadership. Our mission is to provide an exceptional experience centered around education, understanding, and unparalleled customer support. We believe in pushing the boundaries of fireplace design and functionality, partnering with architects and designers to transform imaginative ideas into reality.
At the core of our values is a relentless commitment to safety. We hold ourselves to the highest standards, ensuring that our fireplaces prioritize the well-being of our customers. We invest in rigorous testing and adhere to strict safety regulations to deliver peace of mind and a secure heating solution.
Quality is a non-negotiable value for us. We source the best materials and continually evolve our products to enhance their efficiency, ease of service, and operation. By upholding the highest quality standards, we provide our customers with fireplaces that are built to last and perform exceptionally well.
Efficiency is another value we hold dear. We understand the importance of energy conservation and strive to make our fireplaces more energy-efficient. Our goal is to provide effective heating solutions while minimizing waste and reducing our environmental impact. We are dedicated to developing innovative technologies that optimize energy consumption without compromising performance.
Exceptional customer support is the cornerstone of our values. We listen attentively to customer feedback, using it as a catalyst for meaningful improvements. We provide comprehensive tools and documentation to assist our technicians and nationwide dealer network in selling, servicing, and installing our products effectively. We are committed to ensuring that every interaction with our customers is positive and that their needs are met with the utmost care and attention.
Continuous improvement is ingrained in our DNA. We understand that perfection is unattainable, but we continually strive to get better. We actively seek feedback, embrace simplicity, and refine existing processes. By staying agile and adaptive, we remain relevant and at the forefront of the industry.
In summary, our mission is to lead the direct-vent fireplace industry while delivering an experience rooted in education, understanding, and unparalleled customer support. Our values of safety, quality, efficiency, exceptional customer support, and continuous improvement guide every aspect of our business, ensuring that we provide the best possible products and services to our customers.
Overview of product line
Indoor Fireplaces: Flare Fireplaces offers a range of indoor fireplaces designed to elevate the ambiance and heating capabilities of residential and commercial spaces. These fireplaces are available in various sizes and configurations, including single-sided, double-sided, and see-through models. They incorporate advanced technologies for efficient and clean burning while providing a stunning focal point for any interior.
Outdoor Fireplaces: For those looking to create inviting outdoor living spaces, Flare Fireplaces provides outdoor fireplaces that blend style and durability. These fireplaces are specifically designed to withstand the elements and offer a warm and cozy atmosphere for outdoor gatherings. They come in different styles, such as linear, rectangular, and corner units, allowing for flexibility in design and installation.
Custom Fireplaces: Flare Fireplaces offers customization options to meet unique design requirements. Their custom fireplaces are tailored to specific dimensions, shapes, and finishes, enabling architects, designers, and homeowners to bring their vision to life. This option allows for seamless integration with existing architectural elements or the creation of a one-of-a-kind fireplace centerpiece.
Accessories and Surrounds: To complement their fireplaces, Flare Fireplaces provides a range of accessories and surrounds. These include decorative media options like logs, stones, and glass to enhance the appearance of the fireplaces. Surrounds are available in various materials, such as metal, stone, or ceramic, providing a finishing touch that harmonizes with the overall design aesthetic.
Features and benefits of Flare Fireplaces
Modern Frameless Design: Flare Fireplaces are known for their sleek and contemporary frameless design. This design aesthetic provides a minimalist and clean look that seamlessly integrates into various architectural styles and interior design concepts.
Direct-Vent Technology: Flare Fireplaces utilize direct-vent technology, which ensures that the combustion process is completely sealed off from the indoor environment. This not only maximizes safety but also enhances the efficiency of the fireplace by preventing heat loss through ventilation.
Energy Efficiency: Flare Fireplaces are designed with energy efficiency in mind. They incorporate advanced combustion technology and engineering to provide optimal heat output while minimizing energy waste. This allows for effective heating and contributes to reduced energy consumption and lower utility costs.
Customization Options: Flare Fireplaces offer customization options to suit individual preferences and design requirements. They can be tailored in terms of dimensions, shapes, and finishes, allowing for seamless integration into any space. This customization ensures that each fireplace is unique and perfectly matches the desired aesthetic.
Clean Burning: Flare Fireplaces are engineered for clean burning, producing minimal emissions and particulate matter. This ensures better air quality within the living space and contributes to a healthier environment. The clean-burning feature also reduces the need for frequent maintenance and cleaning.
Versatile Installation: Flare Fireplaces offer versatile installation options. They are available in single-sided, double-sided, and see-through configurations, providing flexibility in placement and design. Whether it’s for a living room, bedroom, outdoor patio, or commercial space, Flare Fireplaces can be installed to create an impressive focal point.
Unparalleled Customer Support: Flare Fireplaces places great emphasis on providing exceptional customer support. They offer comprehensive tools, documentation, and resources to assist customers, technicians, and their nationwide dealer network in sales, service, and installation. This ensures a smooth and satisfactory experience throughout the entire process.
High-Quality Materials: Flare Fireplaces are built using the best materials available, ensuring durability, longevity, and a premium product. The combination of high-quality materials and meticulous craftsmanship results in fireplaces that not only look stunning but also withstand the test of time.
Comparison to traditional fireplaces
Flare Fireplaces offer several advantages over traditional fireplaces. Firstly, their modern frameless design adds a sleek and contemporary touch to any space, aligning with modern design aesthetics. In terms of efficiency, Flare Fireplaces utilize direct-vent technology, which minimizes heat loss and maximizes heating efficiency. Traditional fireplaces often lose a significant amount of heat through the chimney or draft, making them less efficient.
When it comes to safety, Flare Fireplaces prioritize it by utilizing sealed combustion systems, reducing the risk of carbon monoxide buildup. Traditional fireplaces, especially those with open hearths, can pose fire hazards and affect indoor air quality. Flare Fireplaces are engineered for clean burning, producing minimal emissions and particulate matter, while traditional fireplaces can release smoke, ash, and pollutants into the air.
Installation flexibility is another advantage of Flare Fireplaces. They offer versatile options such as single-sided, double-sided, and see-through models, making them adaptable to different spaces. Traditional fireplaces often require significant construction and are limited to specific locations. Flare Fireplaces also provide customization options, allowing customers to tailor dimensions, shapes, and finishes to their preferences, while traditional fireplaces come in standard sizes and designs.
In terms of convenience, Flare Fireplaces offer features like remote control and programmable settings, providing easy adjustment of flame height and heat output. Traditional fireplaces require manual management of the fire, which can be time-consuming. Moreover, Flare Fireplaces generally require less maintenance compared to traditional fireplaces, which often need regular cleaning of ash, chimney maintenance, and inspections.
While traditional fireplaces have their charm, Flare Fireplaces offer a modern and efficient alternative. With their contemporary design, energy efficiency, safety, installation flexibility, convenience, and lower maintenance requirements, Flare Fireplaces provide a compelling option for those seeking a stylish and efficient heating solution for their homes or commercial spaces
Name Manufacturing Process
Flare Fireplaces is dedicated to implementing sustainable practices across their operations to minimize their environmental impact. They prioritize energy efficiency by designing their fireplaces to maximize heat output while minimizing energy waste, resulting in reduced carbon emissions. Additionally, they focus on clean burning, employing advanced filtration systems to minimize pollutants and particulate matter, thus improving indoor air quality. Flare Fireplaces carefully selects eco-friendly and responsibly sourced materials, considering recyclability and durability. They strive to reduce waste generation through optimized manufacturing processes and implement recycling programs. Research and development efforts are dedicated to advancing sustainability, exploring innovative technologies and materials. Responsible manufacturing practices are integrated to minimize energy consumption, water usage, and greenhouse gas emissions. Flare Fireplaces actively promotes education and awareness about sustainable fireplace practices, empowering customers and stakeholders to make environmentally conscious choices. By embracing these sustainability practices, Flare Fireplaces demonstrates their commitment to a greener future and responsible stewardship of the environment.
Flare Fireplaces prioritizes the use of high-quality materials that align with their commitment to durability, performance, and sustainability. They carefully select materials to ensure their fireplaces are not only visually appealing but also built to last. While specific details about the materials used by Flare Fireplaces are not provided in the given information, they emphasize eco-friendly practices and responsible sourcing.
Flare Fireplaces recognizes the importance of using materials that have minimal environmental impact. They strive to choose materials that are sourced responsibly and meet stringent environmental standards. By prioritizing sustainability in their material selection, they contribute to the conservation of natural resources and reduce their ecological footprint.
In addition to sustainability, Flare Fireplaces also values durability. They select materials that can withstand the rigors of fireplace operation, ensuring that their products are long-lasting and resistant to wear and tear. This focus on durability contributes to reduced waste and the overall longevity of their fireplaces.
While the specific materials used by Flare Fireplaces are not mentioned, it can be inferred that they prioritize quality and sustainability in their material selection. By utilizing materials that meet these criteria, Flare Fireplaces aims to deliver fireplaces that not only meet the highest standards of performance and aesthetics but also align with their commitment to environmental responsibility.
Flare Fireplaces employs production methods that prioritize efficiency, quality, and sustainability. While specific details about their production methods are not provided in the given information, here is a general overview of the production practices commonly employed by fireplace manufacturers:
Flare Fireplaces likely follows a systematic and controlled manufacturing process to ensure consistent quality and precision in their products. This includes employing skilled craftsmen and utilizing advanced production techniques to create their modern frameless fireplaces.
Automation may play a role in certain stages of production, helping to streamline processes and improve efficiency. This can include automated cutting, shaping, and assembly of components, resulting in faster production times and reduced waste.
Flare Fireplaces is committed to sustainability, so it is likely that they implement eco-friendly practices throughout their production process. This may involve reducing energy consumption through efficient machinery and optimizing workflow to minimize resource waste. They may also implement recycling and waste management programs to minimize their environmental footprint.
Quality control is an essential aspect of production for Flare Fireplaces. They likely have strict quality assurance protocols in place to ensure that each fireplace meets their high standards of craftsmanship, performance, and safety. This can involve thorough inspections, testing, and adherence to relevant industry standards and regulations.
Flare Fireplaces may also have a focus on research and development, continually seeking innovative production methods and materials to enhance their products’ performance, efficiency, and sustainability. They may invest in advanced technologies and collaborate with industry experts to stay at the forefront of fireplace manufacturing.
While the specific production methods employed by Flare Fireplaces are not detailed, their commitment to efficiency, quality, sustainability, and innovation likely guides their overall production approach. These practices ensure that Flare Fireplaces delivers fireplaces that meet the highest standards of design, performance, and environmental responsibility.
Advantages of Name
Flare Fireplaces places a strong emphasis on energy efficiency throughout their product line. By prioritizing energy efficiency, they aim to reduce energy consumption, minimize environmental impact, and provide cost savings for their customers.
Flare Fireplaces utilizes advanced combustion technology and engineering to maximize heat output while minimizing energy waste. Their fireplaces are designed with features such as direct-vent technology, which seals off the combustion process from the indoor environment. This helps prevent heat loss through ventilation, ensuring that the generated heat is effectively directed into the living space.
In addition to efficient combustion, Flare Fireplaces incorporates insulation and sealing measures to further enhance energy efficiency. This reduces heat transfer to adjacent areas and prevents drafts, ensuring that the maximum amount of heat is retained within the room.
Moreover, Flare Fireplaces continually researches and develops innovative technologies and materials to improve the energy efficiency of their products. By staying at the forefront of advancements, they aim to offer fireplaces that optimize energy consumption and reduce environmental impact.
The energy efficiency of Flare Fireplaces’ products not only benefits the environment but also provides tangible advantages for their customers. Improved energy efficiency leads to lower energy consumption, resulting in reduced utility bills. Customers can enjoy the warmth and comfort of a fireplace while simultaneously minimizing their energy expenses.
Overall, Flare Fireplaces’ commitment to energy efficiency is reflected in their design, engineering, and continuous improvement efforts. By prioritizing energy efficiency in their products, they contribute to a greener future, provide cost savings for their customers, and demonstrate their dedication to sustainable practices.
Flare Fireplaces understands the importance of cost savings for their customers and incorporates features and practices to help achieve this. By prioritizing efficiency and sustainability, their fireplaces offer several avenues for cost savings.
Firstly, Flare Fireplaces’ emphasis on energy efficiency ensures that their fireplaces provide effective heating while minimizing energy waste. The advanced combustion technology and engineering used in their products maximize heat output, ensuring that the generated heat is efficiently directed into the living space. This translates into lower energy consumption and reduced utility bills, providing long-term cost savings for homeowners and businesses.
Additionally, Flare Fireplaces’ focus on clean burning helps optimize fuel usage. By utilizing filtration systems and advanced combustion techniques, their fireplaces minimize emissions and maximize the utilization of fuel resources. This not only contributes to a healthier environment but also reduces the frequency and cost of refueling or replenishing fuel supplies.
Furthermore, Flare Fireplaces’ commitment to durability and quality craftsmanship ensures that their fireplaces have a long lifespan. Their fireplaces are built to withstand the rigors of regular use, reducing the need for frequent repairs or replacements. This translates into lower maintenance and replacement costs over time.
Flare Fireplaces also considers the cost savings associated with efficient installation and operation. They offer versatile installation options that can be adapted to different spaces, reducing the need for costly modifications or renovations. Additionally, their fireplaces are designed for convenient operation, often incorporating features such as remote control and programmable settings, allowing users to easily adjust flame height and heat output as needed.
By providing energy-efficient, durable, and cost-effective fireplaces, Flare Fireplaces aims to deliver long-term cost savings to their customers. Whether it’s through reduced energy consumption, optimized fuel usage, minimized maintenance needs, or efficient installation, Flare Fireplaces recognizes the importance of helping customers save money while enjoying the warmth and ambiance of their fireplaces.
Flare Fireplaces is committed to minimizing their environmental impact and implementing practices that prioritize sustainability. They recognize the importance of preserving natural resources, reducing emissions, and promoting a greener future.
One of the primary ways Flare Fireplaces addresses environmental impact is through their focus on energy efficiency. By designing their fireplaces to maximize heat output while minimizing energy waste, they help reduce energy consumption and lower carbon emissions. Their advanced combustion technology and engineering techniques ensure efficient utilization of fuel resources, contributing to a more sustainable energy footprint.
Flare Fireplaces also prioritizes clean burning in their fireplaces. By incorporating advanced filtration systems and optimizing combustion processes, they minimize emissions of pollutants and particulate matter. This not only improves indoor air quality but also reduces their contribution to air pollution and its associated environmental impacts.
Furthermore, Flare Fireplaces carefully selects materials with sustainability in mind. They strive to use eco-friendly and responsibly sourced materials, minimizing their ecological footprint. By considering factors such as recyclability and durability, they aim to reduce waste and promote a more circular economy.
In their manufacturing processes, Flare Fireplaces implements practices to reduce energy consumption, water usage, and greenhouse gas emissions. They may optimize production workflows, implement recycling programs, and adopt energy-efficient equipment. These efforts contribute to overall resource conservation and a reduced environmental impact.
Flare Fireplaces also promotes education and awareness about sustainable fireplace practices. By providing resources and information to customers, architects, designers, and technicians, they empower stakeholders to make environmentally conscious decisions. This fosters a culture of sustainability and helps create a positive impact beyond their own operations.
Overall, Flare Fireplaces strives to be an environmentally responsible company. Through their focus on energy efficiency, clean burning, material selection, responsible manufacturing, and education, they work towards minimizing their environmental footprint and contributing to a more sustainable future.
Considerations for Buyers
Ventilation: Proper ventilation is crucial for direct-vent fireplaces. They require a dedicated venting system that safely expels combustion byproducts outside the building. This typically involves installing vent pipes or chimneys that comply with local building codes and manufacturer guidelines. Adequate airflow and clearances must be maintained to ensure optimal performance and safety.
Clearances: Fireplaces have specific clearance requirements to maintain safety and prevent heat damage. Clearances dictate the minimum distance that the fireplace must be kept from combustible materials such as walls, furniture, and flooring. These requirements ensure proper air circulation and prevent the risk of fire hazards. It is essential to adhere to the manufacturer’s instructions and local building codes regarding clearances.
Structural Support: Depending on the size and weight of the fireplace, adequate structural support may be necessary. This includes ensuring that the floor or wall where the fireplace will be installed can handle the weight and provide stability. If needed, additional reinforcements or support structures may be required to ensure the fireplace is properly secured.
Gas and Electrical Connections: Direct-vent fireplaces often require gas and electrical connections. Gas lines must be installed by a licensed professional and comply with local codes. Electrical connections are typically needed for features like ignition systems, fans, and lighting. It is important to follow the manufacturer’s guidelines and consult with qualified professionals for proper installation and connection of gas and electrical components.
Compliance with Regulations: Local building codes and regulations must be followed during fireplace installation. These regulations ensure that the installation meets safety standards and is in compliance with local requirements. It is essential to consult with professionals who are knowledgeable about local codes to ensure proper installation and adherence to regulations.
Maintenance and care
Regular Cleaning: Regular cleaning is important to maintain the aesthetics and functionality of the fireplace. This includes cleaning the glass front, removing any dust or debris from the burner and logs (if applicable), and wiping down the surrounding areas to keep them free from soot or residue. It is recommended to follow the manufacturer’s guidelines for specific cleaning products and techniques.
Inspection and Servicing: Periodic inspections by a qualified technician are recommended to ensure the fireplace is in optimal condition. This includes checking the ignition system, gas lines (if applicable), ventilation, and any other components to ensure proper functioning. Servicing may be required to clean or replace parts, perform adjustments, and address any potential issues or safety concerns.
Ventilation Maintenance: If the fireplace utilizes a venting system or chimney, it is important to schedule regular maintenance, including cleaning and inspection of the vent pipes or chimney. This helps to ensure proper airflow, prevent blockages, and maintain efficient ventilation.
Safety Checks: It is important to regularly check and test the safety features of the fireplace, such as the carbon monoxide detector (if equipped) and any automatic shut-off systems. This ensures that these safety mechanisms are functioning correctly and provides added peace of mind.
Follow Manufacturer’s Instructions: It is crucial to refer to the manufacturer’s specific maintenance and care instructions for their fireplaces. These instructions will provide guidance on recommended maintenance schedules, cleaning methods, and any specific considerations or precautions for the particular fireplace model.
Cost and budget
Product Range: Flare Fireplaces offers a diverse product line, which allows customers to choose from various models, sizes, and features to fit their budgetary constraints. They provide options that range from more affordable models to higher-end, premium offerings, ensuring there is a fireplace solution for different budget ranges.
Installation Costs: When budgeting for a fireplace, it is important to consider installation costs, including labor and materials required for proper installation. The complexity of the installation, the need for additional structural support, and the type of venting system can all impact installation costs. It is recommended to consult with professionals to obtain accurate estimates for installation.
Energy Efficiency: While the upfront cost of a fireplace is a consideration, it is also important to factor in long-term cost savings associated with energy efficiency. Flare Fireplaces’ emphasis on energy efficiency helps reduce energy consumption and lower utility bills, resulting in potential cost savings over time.
Maintenance and Operating Costs: Maintenance and operating costs should also be taken into account. Regular maintenance, cleaning, and potential repairs should be factored into the budget. Additionally, consider the type of fuel used by the fireplace and its associated costs, whether it’s gas, wood, or another fuel source.
Value for Money: When considering the cost of a fireplace, it is important to assess the overall value for money. This includes evaluating the quality, durability, features, and warranty offered by the manufacturer. Investing in a high-quality fireplace that meets your needs and provides long-term satisfaction can be a cost-effective choice in the long run.
Recommendations for potential buyers
Assess Your Needs: Consider your specific needs and requirements for a fireplace. Determine whether you need an indoor or outdoor fireplace, the desired size and configuration, and any specific features or design elements you are looking for. This will help you narrow down your options and find a fireplace that meets your preferences.
Research and Explore: Take the time to research and explore the various fireplace models and options offered by Flare Fireplaces. Visit their website, browse their product line, and review the features, specifications, and available customization options. Pay attention to design aesthetics, energy efficiency, and any unique features that align with your preferences.
Consider Budget and Cost Factors: Assess your budget and consider the cost factors associated with purchasing, installing, and operating a fireplace. Evaluate the value for money, taking into account factors such as energy efficiency, maintenance costs, and long-term savings. This will help ensure that the chosen fireplace fits within your budget and provides long-term value.
Seek Professional Guidance: Consult with professionals, such as architects, designers, or fireplace specialists, to get their insights and recommendations. They can offer valuable advice based on their expertise and help you make an informed decision about the most suitable fireplace for your space.
Read Customer Reviews: Take the time to read customer reviews and testimonials about Flare Fireplaces. This can provide insights into the experiences of other customers and their satisfaction with the products and services. Look for reviews that discuss factors such as performance, durability, customer support, and overall satisfaction.
Request Quotes and Consultations: Once you have narrowed down your options, reach out to Flare Fireplaces to request quotes and schedule consultations. This will allow you to discuss your specific requirements, ask any questions you may have, and obtain detailed information about pricing, customization options, installation, and warranty.
Consider Long-Term Support: Assess the availability of customer support, warranty coverage, and after-sales service provided by Flare Fireplaces. A reputable company that offers reliable customer support can provide peace of mind and assistance throughout the entire process, from selection to installation and beyond
Frequently Asked Questions
Yes, Flare Fireplaces offers options for both indoor and outdoor fireplaces, allowing you to enhance the ambiance and functionality of various spaces.
Flare Fireplaces offers a range of modern frameless fireplaces, including single-sided, double-sided, see-through, and custom fireplaces.
Yes, Flare Fireplaces offers customization options for dimensions, shapes, and finishes, allowing for seamless integration and tailored designs.
Yes, Flare Fireplaces prioritize energy efficiency through advanced combustion technology and engineering, maximizing heat output while minimizing energy waste.
Yes, Flare Fireplaces utilize direct-vent technology, requiring a dedicated venting system to safely expel combustion byproducts outside the building.
Flare Fireplaces utilizes high-quality materials that prioritize durability, performance, and sustainability, though specific material details are not provided.
Flare Fireplaces offer versatile installation options, but professional installation is recommended to ensure proper setup and adherence to safety guidelines.
Specific cleaning and maintenance instructions can be found in the manufacturer’s guidelines. Regular cleaning of glass fronts and proper maintenance of components are important.
Yes, Flare Fireplaces prioritize safety with features such as direct-vent technology and adherence to safety standards. Proper usage and maintenance are crucial for safe operation.
Flare Fireplaces offer options for various fuel sources, including gas, wood, or other compatible fuels, depending on the specific model.
Yes, Flare Fireplaces typically come with a warranty. Specific warranty details can be obtained from the manufacturer or authorized dealers.
Yes, Flare Fireplaces are suitable for both residential and commercial applications, allowing for versatile installation possibilities.
Yes, Flare Fireplaces implement sustainability practices such as energy efficiency, clean burning, and responsible material selection to minimize their environmental impact.
Flare Fireplaces can be found through their store locator or by contacting authorized dealers. Check their website for more information.
Yes, Flare Fireplaces values customer support and provides resources, documentation, and assistance for customers, technicians, and their dealer network.
Yes, Flare Fireplaces often offer convenient features such as remote control and programmable settings, allowing for easy adjustment of flame height and heat output.
Yes, Flare Fireplaces typically provide a quote request option on their website or through authorized dealers for pricing information.
Flare Fireplaces can be suitable for both new construction and retrofitting projects, depending on the specific requirements and installation considerations.
Yes, Flare Fireplaces offer educational resources to help architects, designers, and customers understand the benefits and possibilities of direct-vent fireplaces.
Payment options may vary, but typically include methods such as credit/debit cards, financing options, or other payment arrangements. Contact Flare Fireplaces or authorized dealers for specific information.
Flare Fireplaces may offer international shipping options, but availability and specific details should be confirmed with the company or authorized dealers.